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Mi’kmaw Moons: The Seasons in Mi’kma’ki

Written by Cathy LeBlanc and David Chapman
Illustrated by Loretta Gould
Published by Formac Publishing Company Limited


Before Reading — .pdf
Word Search — .pdf & Answers — .pdf
Vocabulary Sheet — .pdf
Vocabulary Activity — .pdf
Vocabulary Activity 2 — .pdf
Two Eyed Seeing — .pdf
Character Trait Activity — .pdf
Making Connections — .pdf
Discussion Questions — .pdf


For thousands of years, the Mi’kmaq have been closely observing the natural world and the cycles of the moon and the stars to track the passage of time. Each full moon in an annual cycle was named by the Mi’kmaq to relate to a seasonal event, such as tomcod spawning, birds laying eggs or berry ripening.

For the past decade, Mi’kmaw Elders and Knowledge Keepers have shared stories of the traditional night sky calendar with authors Cathy LeBlanc and David Chapman. In this book, Cathy relays this knowledge in stories told to her young relation Holly.

Each moon’s story is richly illustrated with an evocative colour painting created for this book by the noted Mi’kmaw artist Loretta Gould.

Alongside this presentation of the Mi’kmaw time-keeping traditions, this book offers a brief history of the modern Western calendar, and some basic astronomy facts about the moon’s phases and why the seasons change.

This two-eyed seeing approach takes young readers on a journey through one full year in Mi’kma’ki.





Dave Chapman FRASC was born in Leicester, England, in 1953 and immigrated to Canada in 1957, living in many communities until he settled in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, in 1977. He studied Physics at the University of Ottawa (B.Sc., 1975) and the University of British Columbia (M.Sc., 1977). He worked for 31 years as a Defence Scientist and is currently retired. He is a Life Member (since 1986) of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada and was the editor of the RASC Observer’s Handbook (2012–2016 editions). The RASC awarded him the Fellowship Award in 2020. He has been an amateur astronomer for 60 years.



YouTube: DavidMFChapman

Facebook: david.m.f.chapman


Observer’s Handbook (Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 2022–2016 editions)
Many professional scientific publications